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For instance, the contemporary calendars produced by the Celtic League begin and end at Samhain.
It is important to remember that all of the written documents in places like Ireland and Wales date to a time after the arrival of Christianity in the 5th century.
The most common uses were to determine the identity of one's future spouse, the location of one's future home, and how many children a person might have.
Seasonal foods such as apples and nuts were often employed in these rituals.
The custom has survived to some extent, and recent years have seen a resurgence in participation in the festival.
Samhain was identified in Celtic literature as the beginning of the Celtic year and its description as "Celtic New Year" was popularised in 18th century literature From this usage in the Romanticist Celtic Revival, Samhain is still popularly regarded as the "Celtic New Year" in the contemporary Celtic cultures, both in the Six Celtic Nations and the diaspora.
In Ireland and Scotland, the Féile na Marbh, the 'festival of the dead' took place on Samhain.The Coligny calendar marks the mid-summer moon (see Lughnasadh), but omits the mid-winter one.